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8 Ans How to identify Infinitive Gerund and Participle? - with video lecture

Asked by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Friday, 25 Oct 2019, 09:31 PM at (Education Admission)

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Answer(s):

Infinitive - Gerund - Participle 

Infinitive: To + verb present form

Gerund: verb + ing (if works as Noun)

Participle: verb + ing (is works as adjective)

1 rule of infinitive:

  1. To + verb Ex: I want to study . 

3 rules of Gerund:

  1. if verb + ing placed as a subject (works as a noun) in a sentence. Ex: Swimming is a good exercise.
  2. if verb + ing placed as a object (works as a noun) in a sentence. Ex: He started writting.
  3. After preposition (works as a noun). Example: He is fond of writing.

3 rules of participle: (One kind of adjective)

  1. Present participle - verb +ing (works as an adjective). Maximum placed before noun. Ex: A rolling stone gathers no moss. Here stone is subject and it is noun. before stone noun, rolling = roll + ing, (verb + ing) is an adjective. So as it works as adjective. It is a present participle. More Ex: I saw a walking man, Education is enlighting (enlighting modifies education, we know that adjective modifies noun and pronoun)
  2. Past participle - if past form of a verb works as an adjective. always placed before a noun, Ex: Here is a broken chair. A lost opportunity never returns. 
  3. Perfect participle - (having + verbs past participle) is called perfect participle Ex: Having tired I went home.

View details in a video lecture. Link:

https://www.facebook.com/GaziMizanOfficial/videos/368679570482930

Important rule to identify noun, adjective and adverb - 

If one word is exists after determiner/preposition/article, then it is noun. Ex: She is a girl , Here girl = noun

If two words are exists after determiner/preposition/article, then first is adjective, second is noun. Ex: She is a beautiful girl. Here, beautiful is adjective, girl is noun.

If three words are exists then 1st is adverb, 2nd is adjective, 3rd is noun. Ex: She is a very beautiful girl. Here, very = adverb, beautiful = adjective, girl = noun.

If four words are exists then 1st is adverb, 2nd is also adverb, 3rd is adjective, 4th is noun.  Ex: She is a very much beautiful girl. Here, very = adverb, much = adverb, beautiful = adjective, girl = noun.


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Answered by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Saturday, 26 Oct 2019, 12:11 AM

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Infinitive: To + verb present form

Gerund: verb + ing (if works as Noun)

Participle: verb + ing (is works as adjective)

Answered by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Friday, 25 Oct 2019, 10:42 PM

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View details in a video lecture.Link:

https://www.facebook.com/GaziMizanOfficial/videos/368679570482930

Important rule to identify noun, adjective and adverb - 

If one word is exists after determiner/preposition/article, then it is noun. Ex: She is a girl , Here girl = noun

If two words are exists after determiner/preposition/article, then first is adjective, second is noun. Ex: She is a beautiful girl. Here, beautiful is adjective, girl is noun.

If three words are exists then 1st is adverb, 2nd is adjective, 3rd is noun. Ex: She is a very beautiful girl. Here, very = adverb, beautiful = adjective, girl = noun.

If four words are exists then 1st is adverb, 2nd is also adverb, 3rd is adjective, 4th is noun.  Ex: She is a very much beautiful girl. Here, very = adverb, much = adverb, beautiful = adjective, girl = noun.

 

Thanks.

Answered by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Friday, 25 Oct 2019, 11:10 PM

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1 rule of infinitive:

  1. To + verb Ex: I want to study . 

3 rules of Gerund:

  1. if verb + ing placed as a subject (works as a noun) in a sentence. Ex: Swimming is a good exercise.
  2. if verb + ing placed as a object (works as a noun) in a sentence. Ex: He started writting.
  3. After preposition (works as a noun). Example: He is fond of writing.

Answered by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Friday, 25 Oct 2019, 10:43 PM

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1. Present participle - verb +ing (works as an adjective). Maximum placed before noun. Ex: A rolling stone gathers no moss. Here stone is subject and it is noun. before stone noun, rolling = roll + ing, (verb + ing) is an adjective. So as it works as adjective. It is a present participle. More Ex: I saw a walking man, Education is enlighting (enlighting modifies education, we know that adjective modifies noun and pronoun)

Answered by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Friday, 25 Oct 2019, 10:45 PM

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3. Perfect participle - (having + verbs past participle) is called perfect participle Ex: Having tired I went home.here, having tired is perfect participle.

Answered by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Friday, 25 Oct 2019, 11:05 PM

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Read this pictures. 

Answered by AL MaMun (4 Golds) Wednesday, 25 Nov 2020, 11:11 AM

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2. Past participle - if past form of a verb works as an adjective. always placed before a noun, Ex: Here is a broken chair. A lost opportunity never returns. 

Answered by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Friday, 25 Oct 2019, 10:47 PM

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