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3 Ans Mujib Borsho - Mujib Year 2020 - 2021 paragraph composition focus writing read now

Asked by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Wednesday, 22 Jan 2020, 05:01 PM at (Miscellaneous Classes)

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Introduction: 

‘’ As long as Padma, Meghna, Gouri, Jamuna flows on, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, your accomplishment will also live on. ’’


– Annada Shankar Ray, Poet and Essayist


Bangladesh will celebrate the “Mujib Borsho” from March 17, 2020, to March 26, 2021, through various programmes marking the birth centenary of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

The Unesco made the decision at its 40th General Assembly held at the UN body’s headquarters in Paris recently. 195 countries accross the world willl also celebrate the event.


#Birth of a leader

" Sheikh Mujibur Rahman does not belong to Bangladesh alone. He is the harbinger of freedom for all Bengalis."


---Mohamed Hassanein Heikal


Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was born in Tungipara of Gopalganj on March 17, 1920.

A year after his 100th birth anniversary, Bangladesh will celebrate the golden jubilee of independence on March 26, 2021.


#His contribution to our Liberation war


"The struggle now is the struggle for our emancipation;

the struggle now is the struggle for our independence.

Joy Bangla!..

Since we have given blood, we will give more blood.

God-willing, the people of this country will be liberated ...

Turn every house into a fort.

Face (the enemy) with whatever you have."


Following general Yahya Khan’s postponement of the National Assembly session on March 1, 1971, only two days before the session was due to take place, every section of the Bengalis instantaneously  came out onto the streets in massive demonstrations. The Bengalis aspirations for freedom reached an indomitable height. From March 1 onward Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was virtually running East Pakistan as its de-facto head of government. On March 7, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivered his historic speech at the Race Course Maidan (Suhrawardy Udyan), considered to be his roadmap for the country’s independence. In this context, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and general Yahya Khan held a series of meetings in Dhaka between March 16 and March 24, none of which brought about any resolution. After the discussions hit a dead end on March 25, Yahya Khan secretly left Dhaka in the evening. On the night of March 25, the Pakistan army launched its heinous nine-month long campaign of genocide against the unarmed Bengalis. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the Independence of Bangladesh on March 26 at 12:20 AM. Right after declaration, at 1:30AM he was arrested and 3 days later was taken to a Pakistani prison. On April 10, the provisional revolutionary government of Bangladesh chose Mujib as its President. The revolutionary government took oath of office on April 17 at a famous mango garden (Amrakanan) of Baidyanathtala in Meherpur, which is now known as Mujibnagar. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was elected President, Syed Nazrul Islam acting president and Tajuddin Ahmed the Prime Minister. During August & September of 1971, the Pakistan Junta held a secret trial and sentenced Bangabandhu to death. On revelation, the freedom loving people of the world was enraged and demanded the security of the President of Bangladesh. On December 27, the Bangladesh government sought Mujib's immediate and unconditional release.


২য় অংশ


His contrubution after Liberation war


"Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is an icon of democracy, a towering figure."


--Narendra Modi, Prime Minister Of the Republic of India


The Government of Pakistan was forced to release Sheikh Mujibur Rahman under immense international pressure on January 8. On that very day, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman traveled to London on his way to Dhaka. There, at a crowded press conference in his hotel in London, he spoke to the world press and on January 9, met the British Prime Minister, Edward Heath. Prior to returning to Dhaka, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman stopped over at Delhi, where the Indian President V. V. Giri and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi welcomed him with grace. When the Father of the Nation reached Dhaka on January 10, millions of grateful citizens of the newest country in the world welcomed him with open arms. He went straight from the airport to the Race Course Maidan now renamed Suhrawardy Udyan, where he addressed the free people of his nation for the first time. On January 12, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman took charge as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh and embarked on the reconstruction of a war-ravaged country. Within a period of three and half years, Bangabandhu laid the foundations of the new Republic by putting into effect several measures, including rehabilitation of 10 million Bengali refugees, withdrawal of all allied forces within 3 months of victory, formation of the constituent assembly & a constitution for the new state within 10 months, recognition of Bangladesh by more than a hundred states, Bangladesh’s membership of important international bodies including Commonwealth of Nations, the United Nations, NAM, OIC, enactment of International (Crimes) Tribunal Laws, etc.​


#Death of Bangabondhu

Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the architect of Bangladesh, was assassinated by a handful of army renegades as part of a larger national and international political conspiracy hatched by anti-liberation forces in the pre-dawn hours of August 15. They murdered in cold blood every member of his family except his daughters Sheikh Hasina and Sheikh Rehana, who by fortune alone were abroad at that time. Bangladesh observes August 15 as the National Mourning Day and remembers the noblest and the greatest Bengali who ever lived, through his spirit, ideology, courage and love for the people of his nation.


‘’ I’m broken by the news of Sheikh Mujib’s death. He was a great leader. His extraordinary heroism has been a source of inspiration for the people of Asia and Africa. ’’


– Indira Gandhi, Former Prime Minister of India


#Govt Activities to celebrate the event

Two national committees—one for planning Mujib Year celebrations and another for implementation.


The government will plant 10 million saplings across the country marking the birth centenary of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahaman


Noted Indian film director Shyam Benegal has been selected to make a Bangla film on the life and works of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Shyam Benegal earlier made a biographical movie on Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.


Different publications, including a compilation of reports by Pakistan’s intelligence agency on Bangabandhu, will be published before Sheikh Mujib's next birth anniversary. The 9,000-page compilation will have 14 sections. It will be a selection from 47 files containing 30,000 pages, party sources said.


Another compilation of writings on the Agartala conspiracy and Bangabandhu will also be published.

Besides, rare pictures of Bangabandhu will also be collected.

Meanwhile, youth and sports ministry has planned to stage mega sports events, including a football match among two European teams, two T-20 cricket matches with the participation of Asian and World stars and an athletics meet to celebrate Mujib Year. 

Besides, the foreign ministry has taken initiatives to present the country’s motto ‘Friendship to all, malice to none’, enunciated by Bangabandhu, across the world. It is also preparing to take an initiative to move a resolution on Bangabandhu at the United Nations on the occasion of his 100th birth anniversary celebrations. 


#Conclusion

Naming the years of 2020 and 2021 as Mujib Barsha or Mujib Year, Prime Minister Hasina had pledged to celebrate the 100th birth anniversary with people from all echelons if society through yearlong programmes.

“The Father of the Nation repaid his debt with his life. We must now repay him,” the prime minister had said during the first announcement of this celebration in 2018.


‘’ I have not seen the Himalayas. But I have seen Sheikh Mujib. In personality and in courage, this man is the Himalayas. ’’


– Fidel Castro, Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba

Answered by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Wednesday, 22 Jan 2020, 05:03 PM

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The government is chalking out the country's biggest-ever nationwide programme to celebrate the birth centenary of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday said the birth centenary will be celebrated even at the grassroots level from March 17, 2020 to March 26, 2021 to make people aware of the authentic history of Bangabandhu and the Liberation War.

The prime minister was addressing a joint meeting of the national committee and the national implementation committee for celebration of the birth centenary.

The maiden meeting of the two committees was held at Prime Minister's Office in the city with Sheikh Hasina, who also is head of the National Committee for Celebration of Bangabandhu's Birth Centenary, in the chair.

At the meeting, the committee received proposals from members for elaborate programmes to celebrate 'Mujib Barsho' (Mujib Year) from March 17, 2020 to March 26, 2021 marking the birth centenary.

Speaker Dr Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury, Chief Justice Syed Mahmud Hossain, Chairman of the Law Commission Justice ABM Khairul Haque, former finance minister AMA Muhith and national professors Anisuzzaman and Mohammad Rafiqul Islam were present at the meeting.

On February 14, the government formed the 102-member National Committee for the Celebration of the Birth Centenary.

The government also created the 61-member National Implementation Committee. National Professor Mohammad Rafiqul Islam and PM's former principal secretary Dr Kamal Abdul Naser Chowdhury were made the chairman and the chief coordinator of the committee respectively.

Answered by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Wednesday, 22 Jan 2020, 10:25 PM

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The countdown for Bangabandhu’s birth centenary began on 16 January, the anniversary of his homecoming. The prime minister declared that the year, from 17 March 2020 to 17 March 2010, that is, from one birthday of the Father of the Nation to the other, would be commemorated as Mujib Borsho, the Year of Mujib. That means it was just over 68 days from the start of the countdown till the day the commemoration begins.

However, the commemoration has already begun, starting with Bangabandhu BPL which ended on Friday. This is the Bangladesh franchise T20 cricket event organised by BCB. The commemorations should have the dignity, standard and honour appropriate to the stature of someone acknowledged to be the Father of the Nation, who has been voted in a BBC poll as the greatest Bengali of all time, who has struggled all his life for people’s rights and the independence of the country, whose contributions have been acknowledged by the people all over the world and who has been honoured by world leaders.

Franchise tournaments are a commercial and entertainment version of cricket. Professionalism in any sport is good. But there are questions as to how appropriate it was to link Bangabandhu’s name to a tournament where the players are bought and sold through auction, where everyone’s attention is focussed on the money and the budget, and where the game is completely commercial and all about hitting fours and sixes. On top of that, the main attraction of the inaugural ceremonies was two singers from Bollywood. The programme hardly reflected Bangabandhu, the beloved leader of the people. Why were there Mumbai artistes performing at the event? They were not even any sort of legendary artistes. Legendary artistes of our own country too we ignored. The programme totally lacked in quality and taste. This did not do justice to Bangabandhu.

As far as I know, there are more sports events and cricket tournaments in the year’s celebrations and we hope that these maintain the dignity of the occasion. There is always the fear that many organisations will emulate BPL and link Bangabandhu’s name with all their regular events.

In light of the central and district level programmes for the countdown and being present at a few preparatory meetings as member of one of the committees, I feel the need to make certain observations. The 10 January countdown event perhaps was a last moment idea that cropped up and was hurriedly organised. In order to ensure that such sudden programmes at a district level are effective, the best strategy is to involve school and college students and teachers and to arrange programmes of the district shilpakala (art and culture) and shishu (children) cultural troupes. But there was no proper preparation to decide on what the students and teachers would do, what would be done at the countdown event and how to draw in large crowds to enjoy the cultural programmes. There wasn’t even time to prepare for all this. The programme basically turned out to be a crowd of a few thousand people with some makeshift programmes and cultural shows for the sake of the media. Speaking to a few persons who had been at the countdown event, it was evident that they received no message at all about the significance of the occasion.

However, being present at the preparatory meetings of one of the committees, I noted that extensive programmes have been taken up for the entire year. The member secretary of the main committee must have put in a lot of thought and work into this, given his poetic prowess and bureaucratic skills and experience. There are no questions about his competence. However, I would like to politely point out the huge number of programmes to be conducted throughout the year in accordance to the chalked our plans of the government, will be run and controlled by the government people. At the Bangabandhu BPL inauguration and at the central and district countdown programmes, the people were mere observers. Surely this should not be the same throughout the year.

I humbly would also like to say that I am not speaking for the sake of nitpicking or criticism. Even since politicians were jailed or remained fugitives after the brutal killing of 1975, I was an active cultural activist on the streets. I even slanted some of my columns in favour of Awami League in the greater interests of the nation. I gave up my job so I could work freely to this end. But I am not here to talk about myself. It is about Bangabandhu’s life, works, the significance of his life and works and his greatness. How can the younger generation, even the young Awami League activists, grasp all these aspects of Bangabandhu through various tournaments and programmes? How will their minds be filled with his joys and pains, his honour and dignity, his ideals and inspiration? At the end of a year of celebrations and events, what message will remain with the people, particularly the younger generation?
From being a common political worker to becoming a great historical leader, Bangabandhu never moved away from the source of his power, the people. This chemistry, this bond between the people and the leader is not just a matter of rhetoric. It is a part and parcel of life. But where is the involvement of the people now? Can the commemoration of Bangabandhu’s birth centenary be complete with the people just in the role of spectators?

I know it is easier to call for mass participation than actually implementing it. And it is even more difficult for Awami League to do so at present. The leaders must keep in mind that they have been in power for 11 years now and in this span of time many new leaders as well as leaders and activists of Chhatra League and other affiliate bodies have come on board. They are used to seeing the party in power, in enjoying the perks of power, they have heard about the sacrifices, the sufferings and the struggle, they have heard about the movements and even speak about all this in their speeches, but these are not mere ideas. These are matters of experience. They have not had such experience. So if these leaders and activists are to conduct the programmes, there is fear of a repetition of the Chapainawabganj countdown event which was marred by factional clashes. There is also a fear of superficial programmes being arranged just as eyewash all over the country.

Is it for such apprehensions that the Bangabandhu centenary events will be controlled by the government, government organisations and mainly by the bureaucracy? Is this just an Awami League partisan event? Would that be correct? The 30 December election points to the dangers of excessive bureaucratic intervention. Alternatives must be considered where it will be the people’s Mujib bhai, the people’s Sheikh Mujib and the beloved and respected Bangabandhu that is kept in focus.

My humble proposal is for all-party committees to be formed with people of the Bangabandhu bent of mind. In 2008 and even before, Sheikh Hasina had formed coalitions. But the stronger the ruling party is becoming, the less importance is being given to coalitions. The space of political persons in the party itself is shrinking. It is true that coalition members managed to win in the election by riding on Awami League’s back, but politics is more than just elections. It is a lot like chess, the pieces have different strengths and roles, but all are indispensible. Another metaphor could be of glue which sticks big components together to make a whole.

The crisis of political ideals and objectives is deepening in society. I understand that Awami League has to move forward calculatingly, but this will not resolve the crisis. In fact, it may deepen further. A political environment must be created where the way is open to a non-communal democratic Bangladesh imbibed with the spirit of the liberation war. No matter how much the government may sing about the spirit of the liberation war, this spirit now faces a formidable challenge. Bangladesh is on the brink of losing the liberation war spirit.

Bangabandhu’s centenary could trigger a revival of that spirit among the people and bring about a greater unity. Jamaat will certainly not be a part of this and the same about BNP and its alliance. But outside of that, Bangabandhu’s daughter could unite the masses and use Mujib Borsho to revive the lost and disappearing spirit of liberation war. One must keep in mind that even during the 1971 liberation war, an all-party advisory council was formed to oversee the government-in-exile. It had played an effective role in many different ways at the time.

I feel that, headed by Awami League, an all-party committee should be formed to commemorate the centenary of Bangabandhu’s birth. There can be committees in the districts and these can organise programmes along with the public. The civil society can arrange programmes too in coordination with the all-party committee. The main responsibility of the district administration and government officials at all levels with be to extend support. All educational institutions can organise programmes too. The education ministry can issue guidelines in this regard.

It also won’t be correct for the government to take responsibility to arrange funds for all the events. This will affect the commitment, love and sincerity towards the programmes. In the past, political and cultural activists would collect funds for the programmes. Today, admittedly, there is a fine line between fund collection and extortion. Keeping that in mind, the people can take initiative. They will have to get the approval of the all-party committee for their plans, programmes and budget. Rather than using government funds, this is likely to cut down on corruption and misuse of funds. The government can fund the events partially and the organisers can then go ahead and arrange their own funds. In the past when Bangladesh was a land of the poor, many big things were achieved. So why can we not do so now, with the significant increase in the GDP and per capita income?

It is now time to think whether Bangabandhu’s centennial will be commemorated though state-run arrangements or with the overall participation of the people.

* Abul Momen is a poet, columnist and journalist. This piece appeared in the print edition of Prothom Alo and has been rewritten in English by Ayesha Kabir.

Answered by Birds of the sky (1 Gold) Wednesday, 22 Jan 2020, 10:27 PM

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